If you're using enum.ToString() that often, you're doing it wrong

Daniel Wertheim measured the performance of enum.ToString and found it to be 400x slower than using a comparable class with const’s. That’s a massive difference, and something that, in theory, might make you think otherwise about using an enum.

But in practice… who cares?

You shouldn’t be using enum.ToString that often anyway

There aren’t many scenarios in which you should be ToStringing them in rapid succession. And if you are, you’re probably doing something wrong. Enums are used to hold state and are commonly compared, and enum comparisons are incredibly fast. Much, much faster than comparing strings.

The only real time you’ll have to have the string representation of an enum is if you’re populating a drop down list or something similar, and for that you ToString each item once and you’re done with it.

Just for fun, I ran a totally unscientific, unoptimized test* to see how fast a single enum.ToString() ran:

static void Main(string[] args)
    var sw = new Stopwatch();
    var s = Test.One.ToString();

public enum Test

The result was 00:00:00.0000664. This was for a single ToString with no burn in. That’s ridiculously fast, and will be even faster after it’s JIT’d.

So, yes, Daniel is right and ToStringing an enum is slow, but let’s look at the big picture here. For the amount that you should be calling ToString on an enum (very little) it’s fast enough by a large margin. Unless you run into a very rare situation, there are many more performance issues to worry about.

* Like, really, this probably breaks every rule there is.